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Posted on: May 18, 2017

A Fortnight in Chester County

A Fortnight in Chester County
Honors the 240th Anniversary of the Campaign of 1777

George WashingtonThe Chester County Board of Commissioners through the Chester County Planning Commission; the Chester County Historical Society; Westtown Township; the Chester County Historic Preservation Network; and the Chester County Conference and Visitors Bureau announce the 23rd summer of sharing Chester County’s heritage during the annual "Town Tours & Village Walks."

Town Tours & Village Walks is a series of free summer strolls through historic neighborhoods, hamlets, villages and sites. This summer, you can explore Chester County’s heritage on Thursday evenings, June 16 to August 25. Tours generally last 50 minutes and begin as indicated with the last tour leaving at 7:00 pm. Each tour is designed to inform, entertain and increase awareness of Chester County’s rich heritage and historic landscape. A number of our sites offer a good selection of restaurants and shops to enjoy after your tour. Please note: See each tour for specifics. Some tours require reservations.

On July 4, 1776, the Thirteen Colonies declared their independence from the English Crown. One month later, 30,000 British troops, landed in New York. They joined the forces already stationed there under the command of General Sir William Howe. By the spring of 1777, a plan developed by Howe had been approved to attack Philadelphia. In July 1777, the Howe’s Royal Army of some 15,000 men embarked from Staten Island on 260 ships to attack the colonial capital. After almost six weeks at sea, Howe’s force landed near Elkton, Maryland in late August. General George Washington’s Continental Army moved to Wilmington, Delaware, to block the main road to Philadelphia. For two weeks Chester County was the seat of war, with more than 30,000 American and Royal troops maneuvering, pillaging, and fighting three battles. On September 11, 1777, Howe’s army mounted a two-prong attack that successfully outflanked Washington’s Army at the Battle of Brandywine. The next encounter took place on September 16 at the Battle of the Clouds which was curtailed due to a violent storm resulting in Washington’s movement toward Reading Furnace Sept. 17-19 to protect the crucial ironworks in northern Chester County. The final encounter in Chester County was the Paoli Massacre on September 21. The Continental Powder Works and Gun Factory at French Creek were destroyed on September 22. Howe outmaneuvered Washington’s forces along the Schuylkill River and captured Philadelphia on September 26. After a battle at Germantown on October 4, Washington’s army spent the winter at Valley Forge while General Howe occupied Philadelphia.

Map

For More Information on the Battle of Brandywine and the Campaign of 1777 in Chester County we suggest you visit these sites:

Don’t miss the Battle of Brandywine Reenactment on September 16-17! Click here for more information.

Additional Info...
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